Blocked cats

I just wanted to spend some time on blocked cats. This seems to be the most common issue for those emergency visits. If you find any of these signs consult your nearest vet.

Urothlis most commonly known as bladder stones in the form of calcium oxalate. Most are in the bladder but can form in the kidneys and urethra. Urothlis block the urine from flowing from the urethra and cause the bladder to fill.

Diet is another cause for the blocked cat. It is said that the magnesium in food is the main cause for blockage. Most food today has low magnesium levels. So check the ingredients in the food you are buying or buy prescription diet from your local vet.

Urethra obstruction can cause blockage and can be fatal with the time frame of 72 hours.

Symptoms of these are a straining cat when using the litter box. When going a dribble of urine is produced. Urinating outside of the litter box is another big sign. Behavioral changes such as hiding, loss of appetite, vomiting and lethargic. For a obstructed car it is of the most importance to stay on top of theses because the results are fatal.

Be sure to pay close attention to what your cat is eating and it’s behaviors and you can eliminate blockage and that emergency visit and cost. I’ve attached a book for further education.

Handbook. New York: Howell Book House, 1995.


Holiday Feast

Christmas is here which means family, food, and love. To keep the holidays filled with this joy here are a few friendly reminders to keep you at home, and not sitting in the vet hospital.

1) Keep all bones and table scraps out of reach. I can’t tell you how many foreign body dogs come in during the holidays. It happens fast and is expensive.

2) Keep in mind that our pets have feelings too. Spending quality time with the family and others is not only good for everyone but helps with socialization.

3) Watch your pets activity level and eating habits to give you a good indication of how your pet is doing. A decrease in both can mean something is wrong.

4) Cats can get aggressive and angry when they are in pain or ADR (ain’t doing right).

Enjoy your very merry holidays.

vet tech

Norm-R or LRS

There has been much debate on the issue of which fluid therapy to use. Many hospitals choose what they feel most comfortable with which has been until recently normosol. Normosol was standard for Iv use, and Lactated Ringers in cats for subcutaneous injection. Why isn’t normosol used subcutaneous in cats? If your cat has high magnesium levels normosol can sting because, of the magnesium in it. As I go along Lactated Ringers is used as a standard for all use. As it is in humans.

The difference between Normosol and Lactated Ringers is the amount of potassium and less calcium in Normosol. Great for elevated calcium levels. Lactated Ringers has sodium chloride, sodium lactate, potassium chloride, and calcium chloride dihydrate. In short, Lactated Ringers is pretty close to a electrolyte filled water. Lactated Ringers is mostly used in cats with kidney issues the lactate is metabolized then converted by the liver which helps acidosis ( acidity in blood).

In closing this is my take on fluid therapy and the difference. I encourage all to do your own research and consult your veterinarian.